Rules

I. Game

1.At the start of each game, Captains from both teams shall meet at midfield for the coin toss to determine who shall start with the ball. The visiting team shall call the toss.
2.The winner of the coin toss gets the choice to get first offense possession or defend. The offensive team takes possession of the ball at its 5-yard line and has three (3) plays to cross midfield. Once a team crosses midfield, it has three (3) plays to score a touchdown.
3.If the offensive teams fails to score, the ball changes possession and the new offensive team takes over on its 5-yard line.
4.If the offensive team fails to cross midfield, possession of the ball changes and the opposition starts to drive from its 5-yard line.
5.All possession changes, expect interceptions, start on the offensive’s 5-yard line.
6.Teams change sides after the first half. Possession changes to the loser of the coin toss.

II. Terminology

Boundary lines – the outer perimeter lines around the field. They include the sidelines, and the rear end zone lines
Line Of Scrimmage – an imaginary line running through the point of the football and across the width of the field.
Line – to – Gain- the line the offense must pass to get first down or score.
Rush Line- an imaginary line running across the width of the field 7 yards from the Line of Scrimmage.
Offense- the squad with possession of the ball
Defense- the squad opposing the offense to prevent them from advancing the ball.
Passer- the offensive player that throws the ball and may or may not be the QB
Rusher- the defensive player assigned to rush the Quarterback to prevent him/her from passing by pulling his/her flags or blocking the pass.
Downs (1-2-3) – the offensive squad has three attempts of “Downs” to advance the ball. They must cross the Line to gain to get another set of downs or to score.
Live Ball- the period of time that the play is in action. Generally used in regards to penalties, live ball penalties are considered part of the play and must enforced before the down is considered complete.
Dead Ball - the period of time immediately before or after a play
Whistle- the sound made by an official using a whistle that signifies the end of the play or a stop in the action for timeout, half time of the end of the game.
Inadvertent whistle- an official whistle that is performed in error.
Charging- the movement of the ball carrier directly at a defensive player who has established position on the field. This includes lowering the head, making contact with the defender with a shoulder, chest or forearm.
Flag Guarding- an act by the ball carrier to prevent a defender from pulling the ball carrier’s flags by stiff arm, lowering elbow or head by blocking access to the runner’s flags with a hand or arm.
Shovel Pass- a legal pass attempted behind the line of scrimmage by throwing the ball underhand or pushing it towards a receiver in a shot put type manner.
Lateral- a backwards or sideways toss of the ball by the ball carrier.
Unsportsmanlike conduct- rude, confrontational, or offensive behavior or language.

III. Eligibility

1. All players must present a waiver that is signed by a legal guardian or parent.

IV. Equipment

1.The league providers each player with a loaner flag belts and each team with loaner football. Teams can also provide their own ball for use in practice only.
2.Players must wear shoes. Cleats are allowed, however cleats with exposed metal are not allowed and must be removed.
3.Players may tape their forearms, hands, and fingers. Players may wear gloves, elbow pads, and kneepads. Braces with exposed metals are not allowed.
4.Players must remove all watches, earrings, and any other jewelry that the officials deem hazardous.
5.Official AMITY FLAG jerseys must be worn during play.
6.Player’s jerseys must be tucked into the pants if they hang below the belt line.
7.Pants or shorts with belt loop or pockets must be taped.

VI. Rosters


1. Home teams wear dark jerseys, visiting teams wear light jerseys.
2.Teams must field a minimum of four (4) players at all times.

IX. Coaches

1.Coaches are typically volunteer parents or family members helping the players learn and enjoy the game. Parents are encouraged to support the coach at all time.
2.Coaches are allowed on the field to direct players according to need and bracket. Coaches must move to the sidelines before the snap of the ball.
3.Coaches are expected to adhere to FLAG philosophies, coaching guidelines and codes of conduct.
4.Only three coaches per team are allowed on the sidelines.

X. Live Ball/Dead Ball

1.The ball is live at the snap of the ball and remains live until the official whistles the ball dead.
2.The official will indicate the neutral zone and line of scrimmage. It is automatic dead ball foul if any player on defense or offense enters the neutral zone. In regards to the neutral zone, the official may give both teams a “courtesy”  neutral zone notification to allow their players to move back beyond the line.
3.A player who gains possession in the air is considered in bounds as long as one foot comes down in the field play.
4.The defense may not mimic the offensive team signals, by trying to confuse the offensive players, while quarterback is calling out signals to the start play.
5.Substitutions may be made on any dead ball.
6.Any official can whistle the play dead.
7.play is ruled “dead” when :
a.the ball hits the ground
b.the ball carrier’s flag is pulled
c.the ball carriers steps out of bounds
d.a touchdown, PAT or safety is scored
e.the ball carrier’s knee or arm hits the ground
f.the ball carriers flag falls out
g.the receiver catches the ball while in possession of one flag
h.the 7 second pass clock expires
i.an inadvertent whistle is performed ( at the spot where the ball is whistled dead )

8.In case of an inadvertent whistle, the offense has two options
a.Take the ball where the whistle blew
b.Replay the down from the original line of scrimmage.
Note: there are no fumbles. The ball is spotted where the ball hits ground
9.A team is allowed to use a time out to question an official’s rule of interpretation. If the rule is interpreted incorrectly, the time out will not be charged and the proper ruling will be enforced. Officials should all agree upon controversial call in order to give each team the full benefit of each call. If the ruling id correct the team will be charged a time out.

VII. Timing and Overtime


1) Games are played on 25 minute half’s continuous clocks. The clock stops only for timeouts
2)halftime is 10-15 minutes long
3)Each time the ball is spotted, a team has 30 seconds to snap the bal. teams will receive one warning before delay-of-game penalty is enforced.
4)Each team has 2 60-second time out per half.
5)Officials can stop the clock at their discretion.
6)In the event of an injury the clock will stop and the restart when the injured player is removed from the field of play.
7)If the score id tied at the end of 2nd half the game should be determined a tie. ( however, some leagues may decide to institute an overtime period)
8)In tournament or playoff situations an overtime (OT) period will be used to determine a winner, OT format is as follows:
a.Each team gets one series of up to six plays ( and possibly more pending penalty enforcement) starting from the teams 5 yards line
i.first possession choice goes to the winner of regulation coin toss
ii.There is no sudden death; each team gets a minimum of one possession.

b.All regulation period rules and penalties are in effect.
c. There are no time- outs
d.each team will be scored based on yardage gained or points scored:
i.Yardage gained- each team will be given one complete series to drive the field as far ad they can. The yardage gained will be noted by the official. The team with the most yards gained wins. If both teams score touchdowns and complete the same amount of points in conversions, the process is repeated.
1.In the case of an interception, the ball will be marked at either line of scrimmage or at the point where the defender’s flags were pulled. Whichever is the more advantageous spot to the defense
2.If team B intercepts the ball and returns it for a touchdown, team wins
ii.Scoring- same as regulation. The team with the most yards gained wins

1.Wining through yardage is equivalent to winning by 6 points for tie breaker purposes.
e.Change of Possession:
i.Change of possession takes place when team A’s forward progress is halted on downs or scores a touchdown.
ii.Team b takes possession on the same 5 yard line as team A and advances in the same direction. Team b begins on the 5 yard lien regardless of whether or not team A’s possession ended in an interception.
f.Multiple OT periods:
i.first OT period – shown above:
1.Scoring teams can go for 1 or 2 point PAT
                   II. Second OT period:
1.first possession goes to loser of regulation coin toss
2.scoring teams must go for 2 point PAT

VIII Scoring

1.Touchdown : 6 points
2.PAT ( Point After Touchdown) 1 point (5 yard line ) or 2 points ( 10 yard line)
3.Safety 2 points
4.A team that scores a touchdown must declare whether it wishes to attempt a 1 point conversion ( from the 5 yard line ) or 2 point conversion ( from the 12 yard line ) any change, once a decision is made to try for the extra point, requires a charged time out. Decision cannot be changed after a penalty. Interceptions on conversations can not be returned
5.Mercy Rule : After one team is winning by twenty-eight points or more, the losing team gets one offensive series to continue regulation play if they do not score, the game goes into scrimmage mode playing up to the fifteen minute mark in the second half it time allows. After the fifteen minute mark, the game is over.
6.Scrimmage Mode: the losing team gets the ball for up to three possessions. Each possession. Each possession lasts until team scores or fails to achieve the Line-To-Gain points do not count in final score. After three possessions the game is over.

XV. Flag Pulling

1.A legal flag pull takes place when the ball carrier is in full possession of the ball.
2.Defenders can dive to pull flags, but cannot tackle, hold or run through ball carrier when pulling flags
3.It is illegal to attempt to strip or pull the ball or pull from the ball carriers possessions of any time.
4.If the player’s flag inadvertently falls off during the play, the player is down immediately upon possession of the ball and the play ends.
5.A defensive player may not intentionally pull the flags off of a player who is not possession of the ball.
6.Flag guarding is an attempt by the ball carrier to obstruct the defender’s access to the flags by stiff arming, dropping the head, hand, arm. Or shoulder or intentionally covering flags with the football or jersey.

XVI. Formations.

1.An offensive team must have minimum of one player on the line of scrimmage (the center) and up to four players on the line of scrimmage. The quarterback must be off the line of scrimmage.
i.One player at a time may go in motion 1- yard beyond and parallel to the line of scrimmage
ii.No motion is allowed toward the line of scrimmage
2.Offensive players must come to a complete stop for one second before the ball is snapped unless he/she is the one player in motion.
3.Movement by a player who is set or a player who runs toward the line of scrimmage while in motion is considered a false start
4.the center must snap the ball with a rapid and continuous motion between his/her legs to a player in the backfield, and the ball must completely leave his/her hands

XVII. Unsportsmanlike Conduct

1.if the field monitor or referee witnesses any acts of intentional tackling, elbowing, cheap shot, blocking,  or any unsportsmanlike act the game will be stopped and the player will be ejected from the game. The decision is made at the referee’s discretion. No appeals FOUL PLAY WILL NOT BE TOILERATED.
2.Offensive or confrontational language is illegal. Officials have the right to determine offensive language. If offensive or confrontational language occurs, the referee will give one warning. If it continues, the player or players will be ejected from the game.
3.players may not physically or verbally abuse any opponent or official
4.Ball carries must make an effort to avoid defenders with an established position
5.Defenders are not allowed to run through the ball carrier when pulling flags.
6.fans must also adhere to good sportsmanship :
a.Yell to cheer on your players, not harass officials or other teams
b.Keep comments clean and profanity free
c.Compliment all players, not just one child or team.
7.Fans are required to keep fields safe and kid friendly :
a.Keep younger kids and equipment such as coolers, chairs, and tents away from the sidelines
b.Stay in the end zone area, not between fields

XI. Running

1.The ball is spotted where the runner’s feet are when the flag is pulled, not where the ball carrier has the ball. If one foot precedes the other forward foot marks the spot
2.the quarterback cannot directly run with the ball
3.Only direct handoffs behind the lien of scrimmage are permitted. Offense may use multiple handoffs.
4.absolutely No laterals or pitches of any kind
5.“No – Run- Zone” located 5 yards before each end zone and 5 yards on either side of midfield, are designed to avoid short-yardage, power running situations. Teams are not allowed to run in these zones. If the subsequent line is live (reminder. Each offensive squad approaches only two no run zones in each drive – one 5 yard from midfield to gain the first down, one 5 yards from the goal line to score a TD 5 yards)
6.The player who takes the handoff can throw the ball from behind the line of scrimmage
7.Once the ball has been handed off in front or behind the quarterback, all defensive players are eligible to rush.
8.Runners may not leave their feet to advance the ball. Diving, leaping or jumping to avoid collision with another.
9.Spinning is allowed, but players cannot leave their feet to avoid a flag pull.
10.Runners may leave their feet if there is a clear indication that he/she has done to avoid collision with another player without a flag guarding penalty enforced.
11.No blocking or screening is allowed at any time
12. offensive players must stop their motion once the ball as crossed the line of scrimmage no running with the ball carrier,
13.Flag obstruction-all jerseys must be tucked in before play begins. The flags must be on the player’s hips and free from obstruction. deliberately obstructed will be considered flag guarding

XII. Passing

1. All passes must be from behind the line of scrimmage, thrown forward and received beyond the line of scrimmage.
2.Shovel passes are allowed, but must be received beyond the line of scrimmage.
3.the quarterback has seven-second “pass clock” if a pass is not thrown within the seven seconds, play is dead, the down  is consumed and the ball is returned to the line of scrimmage. Once the ball is handed off the 7 second rule no longer is effect.
a. If the QB is standing in the end zone at the end of the 7 second clock, the ball returns to the line of scrimmage.

XIIII Receiving

1.all  players are eligible to receive passes ( including the quarterback if the ball has been handed off behind the line)
2.Only one player is allowed in motion at a time. All  motion must be parallel to the line of scrimmage and no motion is permitted toward the line of scrimmage
3.a  player must be at least one foot inbounds
 When making a reception
4.in the case of simultaneous possession by both an offensive and defensive player, possession is awarded to the offense
5.Interceptions change the possession of the ball at the point of interception. Interception are the only changes of possessions that do not start at the 5 yard line
6.Interceptions are returnable, but not on conversions after touchdowns.

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